Culture is defined as a people’s way of life. It also entails how they dress, how they speak, the type of food they eat, the manner in which they worship, and their art among many other things.
Indian culture, therefore, is the Indians’ way of life. Because of the population diversity, there is immense variety in Indian culture. The Indian culture is a blend of various cultures belonging to belonging to diverse religion, castes, regions follow their own tradition and culture.
Indian Culture is one of the oldest cultures in the world. India had an urban civilization even during the Bronze age. The Indus Valley Civilization (Harappan Civilization) dates back to 3300 BC – 1300 BC.
Distinct cultures that are different from each other co-exist together in a single country. Thus, In India there is unity amidst vast cultural diversity. The way people live in India is reflected its culture.
Unity in Diversity: India is a land of unity in diversity where people of different sects, caste and religion live together. India is also called the land of unity in diversity as different groups of people co-operate with each other to live in a single society. Unity in diversity has also become strength of India.
Secularism: The word secularism means equality, impartiality, etc. towards all religion. India is a secular country, which means, equal treatment of all the religions present in India.
Touching feet of elders: Indian tradition has rich cultural values. In India, younger show great respect to their elders. They tough the feet of their elders daily after waking up and especially on the festive occasions or before starting an important work.
Namaste: The gesture of the Namaste greeting is also part of the Indian culture. People greet each other by saying “Namaste” while joining their hands. “Namaste” means “Hello”. (Also read, the meaning of Namaste here.)
Most Indians have a habit of shaking their heads while talking.
Fasting: Many Hindus follow the custom of fasting during any religious occasion like Maha-Shivratri,, Diwali, Karvachauth, etc. Wives go on fasting for their Husband’s long life in many occasions like “Karvachauth”, etc.
Many people belonging to Muslim faith go for fasting for around 30 days during the month of Ramazan.
Atithi Devo Bhava: In India, people feel great when any guest comes to their home. They greet their guests with respect and them with utmost care. Indian believes in the concept of “Atithi Devo Bhava” which means “The Guest is considered equal to God”.
Vedic Mantras: Chanting of ancient Vedic mantras are common practice during all religious events. Some mantras are repeated several times by the preist and other devotees and are incorporated as part of the puja.
Yoga and Meditation: Yoga is another ancient practice that involves certain breathing and postural exercises aimed at uplifting the bodily, mental, and spiritual well-being. Meditation, also known as Dhyan in Hindi, is aimed at focusing inwards instead of the outside world. The Indian way of meditation offers immense health benefits and is quiet popularity all around the world.
India is home to numerous languages, including Sanskrit which is one of the oldest languages in the world. Other languages such as Hindi are commonly spoken throughout the Indian subcontinent, with regional variations.
As India is a land of diversity, different types of languages are found across different places in India. Each area has their own languages and people like to speak in their mother language.
There are innumerable speakers as well as innumerable languages prevailing in India. The prominent languages in India besides English and Hindi are Bengali, Tamil, Telugu, Marathi, Urdu, Gujarati, Punjabi and many more.
Love Marriage and Arranged Marriages
There are two kinds of marriage system prevailing in India; these are Love Marriage and Arranged Marriage. Arranged Marriage system is in the society from ages. Arranged marriage is arranged by the people other than those who are involved in marriage. Newest form of marriage is the Love Marriage system where the marriage is arranged by the people who are going to be married.
Family System: the structure of the family
Family systems in India are flexible, stable and strong. Presently, both the systems, joint family and nuclear, are present in India and they are equally important.
Joint Family System: Many parts of India practice the joint family system in which in which extended members of the family live together. In a Joint Family System, nearly 3 to 4 generations of people live together. There is a culture of showing respect to their elder ones. The senior most or the oldest member of the family is considered head of the family.
Nuclear Family System: But now-a-days, people use to stay alone and nuclear family system comes in India. An important reason for the creation of nuclear family system is the changes in the profession. People come out from their home for better job opportunities and thus ended in staying alone. But that doesn’t mean that the nuclear system is bad for the society and the joint system is good for the society.
Joint Family vs. Nuclear Family: Both the family systems are equally important as in Joint Family System; there is always a hand of elders on their head which is very important for the family. Also in Nuclear Family System, people get their freedom and thus understand the life in a wide way.
Art and Architecture: Art, literature, theater and film (including the world-famous Bollywood films), and architecture have flourished in India for centuries and they continue to flourish today. The Ramayana is one of the oldest known epic works of literature.
India has full of talents in the field of art or architecture. Indian Art includes paintings, rangoli, plastic arts like pottery, and textile arts like woven silk, etc. From Ancient ages, paintings are a part of India art. Examples include paintings of Ajanta cave, Paintings of Ellora cave, etc.
Rangoli are the art generally made by the female members of the family. It is an art of colors.
India is rich in architecture and it is one of the great achievements of India. From ages, India has great number of architecture like Rock-cut temples of Mahabalipuram, temples of Thanjavur, Kanchipuram and many more.